MV1035 Overcomes Temozolomide Resistance in Patient-Derived Glioblastoma Stem Cell Lines

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MV1035 Overcomes Temozolomide Resistance in Patient-Derived Glioblastoma Stem Cell Lines

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    BIOLOGY (2022) - Malacrida A, Di Domizio A, Bentivegna A, Cislaghi G, Messuti E, Tabano SM, Giussani C, Zuliani V, Rivara M, and Nicolini G

    MV1035 Overcomes Temozolomide Resistance in Patient-Derived Glioblastoma Stem Cell Lines

    DOI: 10.3390/biology11010070

    ABSTRACT: Glioblastoma (GBM, grade IV glioma) represents the most aggressive brain tumor and patients with GBM have a poor prognosis. Until now surgical resection followed by radiotherapy and temozolomide (TMZ) treatment represents the standard strategy for GBM. We showed that the imidazobenzoxazin-5-thione MV1035 is able to significantly reduce GBM U87-MG cells migration and invasiveness through inhibition of the RNA demethylase ALKBH5. In this work, we focus on the DNA repair protein ALKBH2, a further MV1035 target resulting from SPILLO-PBSS proteome-wide scale in silico analysis. Our data demonstrate that MV1035 inhibits the activity of ALKBH2, known to be involved in GBM TMZ resistance. MV1035 was used on both U87-MG and two patient-derived (PD) glioma stem cells (GSCs): in combination with TMZ, it has a significant synergistic effect in reducing cell viability and sphere formation. Moreover, MV1035 induces a reduction in MGMT expression in PD-GSCs cell lines most likely through a mechanism that acts on MGMT promoter methylation. Taken together our data show that MV1035 could act as an inhibitor potentially helpful to overcome TMZ resistance and able to reduce GBM migration and invasiveness.

     

     

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